Monte Isola (Montìsola or Muntisola in the local dialect) on Lake Iseo is the largest lake island in Italy and southern Europe and central. In Europe there are lake islands of greater extension, as the island of Visingsö in Swedish lake of Vattern (24 km²) and the artificial island of Sääminginsalo, but Montisola is the first such as height above sea level, reaching an altitude of 600 m a.s.l. The vegetation includes numerous olive trees that make a contour to the southern coast between Peschiera Maraglio and Sensole (from the latin Sinus olis, which means "cove oil") while arboreal species typically characterize the north and the highest parts of the mountain. Completely wooded in antiquity, Montisola possessed a pagan temple on its top. On the island is attested to the presence of the villas of Roman epoch. In the V century A.D. it was Christianized by the Bishop Bresciano San Vigilio. In the Middle Ages it was contended by various lords, the territory was assigned by the Longobards to the monastery of San Salvatore; subsequently the Cluniac settled there a monastery and went around the year one thousand, the manufacture of networks, which flourished along the next centuries. The island saw first born agricultural villages in higher positions and, in a later epoch, fishermen villages along the coast of Lake Iseo. Toward the century XIII, in defense of the territory of Brescia, the Oldofredi family built a castle there (now Rocca Martinengo, private property). The tradition of one of the villages of the island is the feast of Santa Croce di Carzano wherein the whole country is decked out with flowers made by hand and pine branches; the feast originated in 1836 to celebrate the end of an epidemy of cholera. Monte Isola has a secular tradition in the production of fishing nets and in the construction of wooden boats. Up to the seventies of the twentieth century it was indeed one of the main world producers of fishing nets, but subsequently underwent the overwhelming competition from Japanese industrial manufacturers; still today, however, it is possible to see what remains of that noble tradition, especially in the suburb of Peschiera Maraglio. The Sanctuary of the Madonna della Ceriola is located on the top of the mountain that dominates the island, just above the suburb of Cure. Built in 1500, probably on the ruins of a chapel of the XI century. A local characteristic consists in spreading to dry in the sun perch, the shad and bleak fish on the arches of wood; the tradition of dry the fish in the sun on suitable supports survives even in the surname Archetti, the most widespread throughout the island. Monte Isola has not only a fish dishes, in hilly surroundings in fact (in particular in Masse and in Cure) produces a coarse grain salami.