The toponym Sellano derives from the roman tribe of the gens "Suilla" or Syllinates, while some historians would bring the name of the village to the followers of Lucius Cornelius Silla, that lagging behind as a result of the battle of Spoletium (Spoleto) during the first civil war, would have founded in 84 B.C. by finding refuge and imponendovi the name of their head, from which "Syllanum". The first traces of settlement dating back to the Roman age (it was probably a vicus, as attested by several epigraphs found in the territory), from which, it seems, has lead the name itself. Sellano in the present aspect is entirely late medieval and rose in correspondence of itineraries that through the valley of the Vigi connected the Valnerina with Foligno and the Camerte and reached Spoleto along the track of the plug.
As a result of the Longobard invasion and the christianization of the territories, became a curtis with around some monastic communities of the Benedictine Order, feudal possession and finally free commune, though under the subjection of the city of Spoleto, but long contested by the imperial Curia. Starting from the late antique epoch Sellano assumed an increasingly strategic weight, determined primarily by its geographical position, and for this, subjected to the Longobards and included in the Duchy of Spoleto.until the second half of the XII century, after being under the domain of the Lords of Norcia, was a fief of the Apennines of Germanic accounts of Alviano, probably among the first castles to be built up in this area, up to develop in the structure of autonomous common montano and establishing a federative pact and defensive with the expansionist town of Spoleto, which remains hooked as the diocese of Spoleto-Norcia together with the whole Valnerina.
In the XIII century, in fact, became part of the Papal State and in 1300 AC feud of Colligola, lords of Montesanto. The marked trends and ghibelline autonomistiche, Sellano was never strong enough to be able to be independent, but always considered a strategic point for its geographical position, in the centuries its destiny becomes inextricably bound up with that of the neighboring towns. On various occasions he was head or in partnership to movements of rebellion (as in 1300 together with other nearby castles against Spoleto) and claim policy and statutory, up to the year 1523, in which occurred the definitive pacification with Spoleto. From then until the Napoleonic era, Sellano lived as "earth" of the arrondissement of Spoleto, developing subsequently and gradually from an autonomous municipality, expanding the administrative power and territorial on former neighboring castles Apagni, Postignano, Cammoro, Orsano and Montesanto, that, being smaller, had not inhabitants sufficient to maintain its autonomy.
Struck by the seismic events that involved the Umbria and the Marches in September 1997, is now back to its normal life after a restoration respectful of the historic quality of buildings and regulations earthquake. The center is very compact inside the town walls with bastions and access doors to the main tower, with some palazzetti gentilizi, among which stands out the communal one, and some buildings of cult.
This place was origin and humus of enlightened men and saints like the musician Domenico Mustafã , the poetess Hedwig Fish Gorini, San Severino and San Paterniano, of which today remains a therapeutic shrine, the Blessed Giolo, Father Felice, Capuchin friar and ambassador to Persia, and brother Justin from Norcia, famous for the miracle of the pharmacy (which historical fact attests in Sellano a symbolic meaning of "Pesata" as in the Universal Judgment).
Numerous romanesque churches aligned symbolically throughout the territory and the cave of the Patron Saint on the slopes of monte Iugo, lend an aura of mysterious sacredness. In some of these the frescoed churches there are precious statues of wooden pilgrim. In the breaks work the dolce far niente is interrupted promptly by seasonal events such as: fishing contests the fario trout autochthonous, hunting for wild boar and wild game, the collection of a wide variety of mushrooms and truffles (winter and summer), fruits of the forest and many types of salads of field and wild vegetables. The outdoor activities that you can practice are: bathing in the lake Vigi, ascent on foot along the course of the waterfalls of the "Rote", numerous trails on foot, mountain bike or with horses or mules.
The small village of Villamagina, near Sellano, dominates, so majestic, the valley of the Vigi. Historically known for the production of files and rasps, a processing of ancient origin that acquired notoriety in 1700, which, according to oral tradition, was introduced by a monk from Tuscany, that struck by the poverty of the population, taught the secret of the manufacture of the rasps.