Calcata Vecchia stands on a mountain of tufa rock from which it dominates the valley of the river Treja. According to legends in Calcata, in 1527 was captured a lanzichenecco who had taken part in the Sack of Rome, and plundered the Holy of Holies of San Giovanni in Laterano. Imprisoned in the country, would have hidden the reliquary containing the Holy foreskin in his cell, where it would have been discovered in 1557. Since then the church began to venerate the relic, granting to the pilgrims an indulgence of ten years.
The village is accessed from the single door that opens on the walls and close to it there are the remains of the temple falisco of Monte Li Saints. Certainly deserve a visit the Opera Forest Museum of Art of nature and the places of S/culture pauses of art on footpath Ceciuli, i.e. 7 works sculptor in three stones of Lazio permanently installed in 2013.
In the village of Calcata was the scene of the destruction of the village in the film My Friends (1975). Three years after the same square is the set for some of the scenes in the film the wad of Sergio Corbucci, with Nino Manfredi and Ugo Tognazzi. Is mentioned (about thirty seconds) also in the film by Andrei Tarkovskij Nostalghia (1983). In 1997 the village was the set of the film Ardena di Luca Barbareschi, interpreted by the same director and by Lucrezia Lante della Rovere. In 1980 he was shot a video of the song a wrong story by songwriter Fabrizio De André.
Calcata is cited in the James Joyce s Ulysses , in the novel The Gospel according to Jesus Christ (1991) by José Saramago and in the novel a crime according to the rules of the art of Donald Bain. In Calcata live various artists, including the architect Paolo Portoghesi, the painter Simona Weller and the sculptor Costantino Morosin. Some scenes of the thirteenth apostle were filmed in Calcata.