The area of the village of Barbaresco (Barbaresch in Piedmontese) is known as historically barbaric sylva, where ancient Celtic populations it withdrew in adoration of God Tanaro. It is believed that this area has been the birthplace of a figure a little nebula: the Roman emperor Elvio Pertinace. But today the fame, glory and the pride of this small village on the hills around Cuneo are entrusted only to wine and to the art of the tenants.
The territory of Barbaresco was inhabited since prehistoric times. In that period the beautiful and fertile hills of our common were covered by thick woods with some rare green space along the banks of the river Tanaro and there dwelt Barbarian people of the Liguri Stazielli. It was populations, Rudi and strong, the Ligurians had a sacred forest that had dedicated to a divinity named in the Celtic "Martiningen" which represented the force. With the arrival of the Romans this area was dedicated to the god of war Mars. There grew gigantic oaks, symbol of strength and resistance, surrounded by sources of salted water today still exist.
The first nucleus of the organized area are probably of the Ligurians that inside of wooded areas they trusted to escape the Roman colonisation that had great momentum during the reign of Augustus. The name Barbaresco, derives from the term "Barbaric silva". The first roman settlement is named "Villa Martis", which can be considered the first inhabited center of this area, inside which there was a "taberna" or a furnace of bricks. Not the case at the beginning of the twentieth century, during digging ditches for bolts were found some tegoloni Romans. It is very likely that the presence of this "taberna" and the realization of the Roman road through the Valley of the Martinenga who developed the trades with the nearby Alba Pompeia marked the end of barbaric Sylva. Soon the forest gave way to the cultures of the hills.
Today in some dialect terms as "Bric", that indicates a hilly hill, you can find traces of the ancient Celtic language. With the fall of the Roman Empire the Langhe became a land of conquest first for the Lombards and subsequently to the Franks. There are testimonies that attest that the southern Langa, between the end of the IX and X centuries was shaken repeatedly by the raids of the Saracens that they arrived in Liguria. The diocese of Alba was so impoverished by be assimilated from 985 to 992, by order of Pope John XIII to that of Asti. At the time the territory was under the political control of Roggero, who had to face your opponents Arduino, Aleramo and Oberto.
The fortified village, as we know it now is originating in the middle ages, a period in which it was carried out the tower and the castle. Barbaresco was a fortified village and at that time dates back the motto that dominates in the municipal coat of arms "Barbarisco De Turris Et Arx". Developed what is defined as "Piedmontese ricetto", a fortified area within which you rifugiava the population on the occasion of external dangers. In the Medieval period in the territory of Barbaresco was disputed between rival cities Asti and Alba. In the course of the centuries Barbaresco was, as the whole territory langarolo contention between various Lords, within the scope of the wars that have brought the Piedmontese territories under different potentates, until the final affirmation of Savoia. Also the country langarolo at the end of the XVIII century it was shaken by the winds of the French Revolution and the 31 December 1798 was created the municipality of Barbaresco. The life of the country was soon greatly influenced by the cultivation of the vine, wine production has always been important for Barbaresco. The economy between the XIX and XX century was purely agricultural, knowing a great development in the last decades of the '900. In fact after the second world war the territory of Barbaresco and Langhe not enjoyed great wealth.
The Barbaresco DOCG is marketed in every continent and is considered one of the most prized wines at world level.