The village of Valsinni, in Basilicata, until 1873 was called Favale San Cataldo (which in common use was shortened simply in Favale, a name that would mean a land rich in springs). The place where Valsinni rises is one of the most likely to be seen as the ancient town of Magna Grecia Lagaria. The village was mentioned in the 11th century by the name of Favale, belonging to the feud to the Sanseverino, the Vivacqua of Oriolo, the Capaccio, the Galeota and the Morra. In 1528 the feud of Gian Michele Morra, father of the poet Isabella Morra, passed under the Crown of Spain following the defeat of Francis I's forces in France against Charles V, and Morra, who supported the French king, was forced to emigrate to Paris with her son Scipione. His wife and other children, including Isabella, who were very close to her father, stayed in Favale, in the castle that still dominates the ancient part of the hamlet. Thus, the ancient Favale was the scene of the tragic story of Isabella Morra, a young and illustrious petrarchist poet killed by his brothers only 26 years after they discovered his epistle report with Spanish poet Diego Sandoval de Castro, Baron of Bollita.
The ancient part of Valsinni is narrow around the castle and is very impressive because it is not accessible to cars. It is made up of centuries-old dwellings that are adjacent to each other and separated by narrow streets that hang on the sides of the rocky spur on which the country is built. Since there are often several meters of altitude within the same dwelling, many homes have access to or a transit point between two ways a Gafio, that is a stone passage that passes under a dwelling. The remains of an ancient fortified city, and in particular the acropolis built in the 4th century BC, are visible on top of Mount Coppolo. and the walled wall formed by square blocks.
Worth a visit is the Castle of Valsinni, which dominates the village from above. The Castle hosted the poetess Petararchist Isabella Morra, to whom the municipality dedicated an interesting Literary Park.