Carloforte (U Pàize, or "The village" in Ligurian tabarchino, Carluforti in Sardinian Campidanese) is located on the Island of San Pietro in Sardinia. The island is located about 10 km from the Sardinian coast and, together with the nearby island of Sant'Antioco and with other islets and rocks, forms the Sulcis Archipelago. The island of St. Peter was frequented by man since the Prenurig and Nuraghic period as witnessed by the presence of domus de janas and nuraghi. Around the 8th century BC the Phoenicians built a stable settlement, Inosim (Sparrow Island), with a port, near today's Tower of San Vittorio. The island was later occupied by the punicists; their settlement with remains of fortifications, a temple and a necropolis has been identified in the north of today's inhabited Carloforte.
Carloforte is a Ligurian linguistic island since the island of San Pietro was colonized, after centuries of abandonment, in 1738 by Pegliese from Tabarka, island today connected to the Tunisian coast. The inhabitants of Carloforte still retain the dialect of their Ligurian ancestors, which, for the common passage to the Tunisian island of Tabarka, is called tabarch. The inhabitants of Carloforte are called carlofortini or carolini; talking about themselves, in terms of ethnicity, are called tabarchines.
Its inhabitants started in 1542 from Pegli, coming from Pegli himself and from the neighboring countries of the Ligurian Riviera, and following the Lomellini, a conspicuous Genoese family dedicated to the trades that had had territorial concessions in those places, settled on the Tunisian coast in the island of Tabarka near Tunis, where they hired coral and engaged in trade and trade until 1738; came for this purpose "tabarchins". In 1738 a part of the tabarchins, headed by Agostino Tagliafico, asked King Carlo Emanuele III of Savoy to colonize, near Sardinia, the island of the Sparrows (Accipitrum Insula) then deserted and today called St. Peter's Island; in the last few years, Tabarka had dropped the coral, and their political and commercial misadventures continued with the various rais governments in the territories of North Africa; the Lomellini's concession had become less profitable, and the disagreements with rays that made them free or vice versa made them slaves depending on who ruled in Tunis or Algiers at that time. For this reason, tired of these harassment, they asked the Sardinian king a place to continue their trade, especially in spices and fine fabrics, with the rest of the Mediterranean. Sparvieri Island was chosen, through regular infidelity.
The earliest periods of colonization were severe because of the presence of unhealthy areas, resulting in real epidemics that decimated the population; Following the land reclamation, the colony managed to improve its conditions and prosper, supported by the arrival of other settlers from Tabarka, and a group of families coming directly from Liguria. A large swampy area near the village was saline, which turned out to be very profitable. A second settlement of settlers from Tabarka was in 1770 in the nearby island of Sant'Antioco, on the side facing the island of San Pietro, where the town of Calasetta was founded.
Carloforte lives every year twinning celebrations with Pegli. Carloforte's architecture, culture, customs and uses are also strictly Ligurian. The Caroline population carries with it several characters of art, culture, politics, weapons, arts and crafts since 1738 to pass through the Savoy era to the present day. Part of the population is dispersed in different cities all over the world, especially in port, not only by necessity but by maritime vocation, and many return from old to the home country. To date there are still strong links between the relations between Carloforte and the families spread throughout the Ligure, and some that remained in North Africa (until the 1950s). Today there are countless places where there are small communities of Carolini residents, to name but a few in Sardinia and in peninsular Italy, in the USA, France, Germany, Spain, Morocco, Tunisia, Argentina, Australia, Uruguay, Peru, Chile, Gibraltar, Buenos Aires Boca and Bonifacio in Corsica. Although Ligurian culture and language, the specific characteristics of tabarchins, while remaining understandable to the other Ligurians of other regions, are recognized as well distinguishable by their peculiarities.