The village of Alagna Valsesia in Piedmont (Im Land in the Walser; Alagna in Piedmont; Lagna in dialect valsesiano) is situated at the foot of Monte Rosa, the second highest mountain in the Alps. Is famous for mountaineering and especially for that of off-piste skiing (freeride) where he became a point of reference of international relevance, attracting enthusiasts from all over the world. The Germanic origin of the local population has certainly influenced the toponym that, according to some historians, derives from the German Land, in Italian land or country.
The territory of Alagna Valsesia, formerly used as pasture, was colonized in the XIII century by the Walser, in the course of subsequent migrations, populations of Germanic origin, who built their homes and made it a permanent inhabited. This population, coming from the nearby Valais canton in Switzerland, was devoted to sheep farming and agriculture, and with its culture, its traditions and its characteristic rural buildings left a deep mark in many areas of the Valsesia. The country was a secondary colony, founded by Walser coming from nearby Macugnaga. According to the tradition, Alagna - or Lagna - would have been founded by a certain Enrico Staufacher who began the construction of the first permanent homes. The Walser Community remained relatively isolated until the middle of the sixteenth century, but were not lacking contacts with the population valsesiana.
Toward the end of the sixteenth century a family of Varallo, the Scarognini, began the exploitation of gold mines nearby Alagna, activities which also involved the local population. The extractive activity including also silver and copper causing a substantial immigration of workers from the Valsesia, from Biella and from other areas of Piedmont. The language of the Walser is a particular variation of the dialect of southern German, called "highest alemanno", and is very similar to the dialect of Swiss German in its most archaic: The titzschu of Alagna Valsesia and Rimella in Valsesia is one of its three variants still existing in Italy.