Metaponto (Μεταπόντιον in ancient Greek) situated in the plain to which the city itself gives the name, Metaponto, between the rivers Bradano and Basento and is one of the most important bathing resorts of the Ionian coast of Lucania. Metaponto derives from Greek μετα (τον ποντον) (meta (ton) ponton) which means "beyond the sea".
Metaponto was founded by Greek settlers of Achaia in the second half of the VII century B.C., at the request of colonial rincalzo directly from the motherland, from Sibari, to protect themselves from the expansion of Taranto. He became very soon one of the most important cities of Magna Grecia. The economic wealth of the city came mainly from the fertility of its territory, as witnessed by the ear of barley that was depicted on the coins of Metaponto and which became the symbol of the city itself and that it sent the gift at Delphi. In Metaponto lived and worked until the end of his days in the 490 a.C., Pythagoras who founded one of its schools. Metaponto established an alliance with Crotone and Sibari and participated in the destruction of Siris in the VI century B.C. In 413 B.C. helped Athens in his expedition to Sicily. During the battle of Eraclea in 280 B.C. it allied instead against Rome with Pyrrhus and Taranto. When Rome finally won the war against Pirro, Metaponto was severely punished and some exiles location map found refuge in Pisticci, unique city that had remained faithful to Metaponto during the war. Other exiles location map found hospitality in Genusium, the current Ginosa. Metaponto meanwhile underwent an upheaval of the urban fabric following the implementation, on the eastern side of the city, of a castrum, in which had settled a Roman garrison. In 207 B.C. offered hospitality to Hannibal and the romans punirono again, destroying. Thus became a federated city regains its splendour around the first century B.C. the urban expansion of the city continued up to the roman age. In 72-73 B.C. the plain of Metapontum was the theater of the passage of the army of slaves and desperate guided by Spartaco. In fact the first successes against the army of Rome enabled Spartaco to collect new consensus, even in areas of the Lucania, testifies Plutarch: "Many herdsmen and shepherds of the region that young people and robust, joined them", and to act freely sacking Metaponto. It is in those lands which Spartaco met with the pirate sackcloth Tigrane (presumably Tigrane KING II) to organize the longed-for embarkation from Brindisi to Cilicia, then failed for the betrayal of the latter. This coincided with the decadence and with the progressive abandonment of the city, which was slowly covered by alluvial sediments of the rivers.
A short distance from the modern village is located the archaeological area of Metaponto with its ruins among which the famous Tavole Palatine and the National Archaeological Museum of Metaponto.
Now the ancient Greek city is a thriving seaside resort which in the summer months it is the destination of a good tourist flow.