Borghi magazine ~ the discovery of the fantastic world of italian medieval villages

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Sirolo

Sirolo

almost the whole of the territory of the village of Sirolo, in the Marche region is part of the Regional Park of Conero, one of the most important sites of Italy for birdwatching and rich of flora, typical of the Mediterranean stain (arbutus, ilex, the Aleppo pine, broom, rate, etc.) and fauna (roe deer, boar, Apennine Wolf, foxes, squirrels, beech-martens, weasels, hares, pheasants, partridges, Jays). Place the nests of the peregrine, Lonely Sparrow and the valve of the strawberry tree, only as regards the Adriatic coast of the peninsula. The name derives from the condottiere Sirio, following general Belisario, to which around the year 540 Justinian I gave the territory of Sirolo, after the defeat of the Goths who had invaded the Piceno.

Sirolo records one of the most remote human presences of the Marche. Since Prehistory mysterious dwellers left their signs of their presence dating back to 100 thousand years ago. In the neolithic age other community occupied Sirolo and the Conero and still falling down in time, other presences in the bronze age, and other settlements, those piceni, figured highly in this land, seminandola villages and then of Necropolis, still today not all dissepolte. In Sirolo there is an archaeological journey in the largest Piceno necropolis of Marche (VI century a.C.) - the only visitable in the region - in which were found extraordinary and numerous artifacts that compose the funerary associations of an extraordinary burial what is the so-called "Tomba della Regina". The nearly two thousand discoveries of the abovementioned tomb confirm the existence of a community that had reached a high conception of the role of women within the ancient society italica. Chiara is also the Hellenic impression in places. The Greeks who, starting from the IV century B.C., sailed the coasts of southern Italy, in these places they found a land rich and fertile ground in which to build the city. Here impacted their dwelling and called the Conero Komaros, renamed by the Romans Cumerium - strawberry tree - because in october the Monte Conero is colored by strawberry trees, small, round and colored fruits have become the symbol of the cordiality and welcome to the host. Even the Romans came and settled in Sirolo, I appreciated the put and the wine and they have left their witness hydraulic works like the aqueduct and artistic furnishings in the villas of the territory. During the Roman domination was part of the cives Humanae. Around the year one thousand, the need to defend themselves from the invasions of the barbarians, favored the rise of the castle of Sirolo. Sirolo, inespugnata, resisted throughout the Middle Ages as a fortified structure, with its towers, its walls, its court and its gothic arch of 1050, the gate of the city. In 1225 the family of auditors courteous, the lords of the place, ceded the town to Ancona in exchange of the noble title. For this reason Sirolo is considered one of the castles of Ancona. Sirolo had a certain degree of autonomy from 1465 to the end of the XVII century, when it became part of the state of the Church.

The historic center is a village of origin late medieval, preserves an ancient charm linked to its origins of a fortified castle and is constituted by a maze of alleys characteristic, passable only on foot, between angles and glimpses of great impact. From piazza overview in the center of the village you can admire the most beautiful beaches of the Riviera del Conero, a large part of The Marches Coast and on the clearest days, the Kornati islands and Croatia. There are important monuments including the Badia di San Pietro on the Conero (XI century), the small church of Romanesque architecture, which looks on to a small square and a Baroque portal, the parish church of San Nicola of 1765, built on the remains of a previous church dating back to 1230, the church of the SS. Rosario of the XVIII century a few steps away from the medieval gate, the little church dedicated to the Madonna (year 1536) in the locality of the "Madonnina" and the Teatro Comunale Cortesi, Tiny jewel of architecture of the end of the '800.

Municipality of Sirolo

Province of Ancona
Region Marche

Inhabitants: 4.051
Altitude center: 125 m a.s.l.

The Municipality is part of:
Blue flag from 1994
Green Flag
4 Sails Legambiente

Protected Natural Areas:
The Regional Park of Conero

The Palio of San Nicola di Bari, patron of Sirolo is celebrated on May 9 or on Saturday or Sunday immediately following. It is constituted by two challenges.

The challenge of the contradas takes its cue from the life of the Saint with particular to one of its miracles: legend has it that a citizen of Patara had lost all its have, and her three daughters, devoid of dowry, could not find a husband, for which they were intended to prostitution. Having heard this, Nicola took a bag of gold and threw it overnight through the window of the house of man; with this sum the eldest daughter could marry. The Holy behaved then equally with the other two daughters by saving them from their fate. Precisely in relation to this "miracle" San Nicola is often represented with three coins (or globes) d'oro in hand. Moreover takes inspiration from the existence in the ancient castle of Sirolo della Cisterna di San Nicola that the Statutes obliged to keep full: "That nisuno habitante del Castello possible go to get water at Cisterna di S. Nicolò". Translation: That no inhabitant of the castle (center of Sirolo) can go to take water from the cistern of S. Nicola.

The challenge of canaja (from 11 to 13 years), instead, takes its cue from the legend of the "Three children and of the innkeeper". According to one version, the fact would have happened while Nicola went to the Council of Nicea. Stopped at an Osteria, he was presented with a dish based on fish, at least from what he said the innkeeper. Nicola, divinely inspired knew that it was instead of human flesh. Called the innkeeper, expressed his desire to see how it was preserved that "fish". The innkeeper accompanied him at two barrels full of salted meat of three children he killed. Nicola stood in prayer and it is here that the meat is ricomposero and children saltarono blithely out from casks. The prayer of Nicola impelled the innkeeper to conversion, even if in a first time these had tried to hide his wrongdoing.

Curiosities about the legend of St. Nicholas that gave birth to a Palio in the village of Sirolo

How the interpretation of a word can change legends through the centuries

Next or present Events

  • 7 CONERO Trail
    22-10-2017
    7 CONERO Trail
    Sports

    Add to calendar 2017-10-22 2017-10-22 Europe/Rome 7 CONERO Trail Sirolo

    | know more

  • The Palio of San Nicola di Bari
    12-05-2018
    Historical reenactments

    Add to calendar 2018-05-12 2018-05-12 Europe/Rome The Palio of San Nicola di Bari Patron of Sirolo is celebrated on May 9 or on Saturday or Sunday immediately following. It is constituted by two challenges. The challenge of the contradas takes its cue from the life of the Saint with particular to one of its miracles: legend has it that a citizen of Patara had lost all its have, and her three daughters, devoid of dowry, could not find a husband, for which they were intended to prostitution. Having heard this, Nicola took a bag of gold and threw it overnight through the window of the house of man; with this sum the eldest daughter could marry. The Holy behaved then equally with the other two daughters by saving them from their fate. Precisely in relation to this "miracle" San Nicola is often represented with three coins (or globes) d'oro in hand. Moreover takes inspiration from the existence in the ancient castle of Sirolo della Cisterna di San Nicola that the Statutes obliged to keep full: "That nisuno habitante del Castello possible go to get water at Cisterna di S. Nicolò". Translation: That no inhabitant of the castle (center of Sirolo) can go to take water from the cistern of S. Nicola. The challenge of canaja (from 11 to 13 years), instead, takes its cue from the legend of the "Three children and of the innkeeper". According to one version, the fact would have happened while Nicola went to the Council of Nicea. Stopped at an Osteria, he was presented with a dish based on fish, at least from what he said the innkeeper. Nicola, divinely inspired knew that it was instead of human flesh. Called the innkeeper, expressed his desire to see how it was preserved that "fish". The innkeeper accompanied him at two barrels full of salted meat of three children he killed. Nicola stood in prayer and it is here that the meat is ricomposero and children saltarono blithely out from casks. The prayer of Nicola impelled the innkeeper to conversion, even if in a first time these had tried to hide his wrongdoing. Sirolo

    Patron of Sirolo is celebrated on May 9 or on Saturday or Sunday immediately following. It is constituted by two challenges. The challenge of the contradas takes its cue from the life of the Saint with particular to one of its miracles: legend has it that a citizen of Patara had lost all its have, and her three daughters, devoid of dowry, could not find a husband, for which they were intended to prostitution. Having heard this, Nicola took a bag of gold and threw it overnight through the window of the house of man; with this sum the eldest daughter could marry. The Holy behaved then equally with the other two daughters by saving them from their fate. Precisely in relation to this "miracle" San Nicola is often represented with three coins (or globes) d'oro in hand. Moreover takes inspiration from the existence in the ancient castle of Sirolo della Cisterna di San Nicola that the Statutes obliged to keep full: "That nisuno habitante del Castello possible go to get water at Cisterna di S. Nicolò". Translation: That no inhabitant of the castle (center of Sirolo) can go to take water from the cistern of S. Nicola. The challenge of canaja (from 11 to 13 years), instead, takes its cue from the legend of the "Three children and of the innkeeper". According to one version, the fact would have happened while Nicola went to the Council of Nicea. Stopped at an Osteria, he was presented with a dish based on fish, at least from what he said the innkeeper. Nicola, divinely inspired knew that it was instead of human flesh. Called the innkeeper, expressed his desire to see how it was preserved that "fish". The innkeeper accompanied him at two barrels full of salted meat of three children he killed. Nicola stood in prayer and it is here that the meat is ricomposero and children saltarono blithely out from casks. The prayer of Nicola impelled the innkeeper to conversion, even if in a first time these had tried to hide his wrongdoing.

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