Pienza is the village most renowned and greater artistic importance of the whole of the Val d'Orcia. The city until 1462 was nothing other than a small village named Corsignano. The event which changed the fate was the birth in 1405 of Enea Silvio Piccolomini who 53 years later became Pope Pius II. Just a trip of the Pontiff toward Mantua brought him to cross the place of birth and the degradation that found led him to decide on the construction of a new ideal city above the ancient village, entrusting the renovation project of the architect Bernardo Rossellino: the construction lasted about four years and brought to light a harmonious town and with forms typically 1300s.
Most of the important historical-artistic heritage of Pienza focuses in the charming square dedicated to Pope Pius II. It remains today one of the examples most significant urban design rational of the Italian Renaissance. Isolated and is well visible immediately the renaissance Cathedral; in front of the Palazzo Comunale and next Palazzo Borgia and Palazzo Piccolomini. The Hermitage is a complex of rooms excavated in the sandstone by monks and hermits is located near Pienza. Curious, in a grotto is the sculpture of the Madonna with six fingers.
Since 1960 in the first week of September is held in the main square the Palio of the cheese to melt. In the center of the piazza there is positioned a spindle, and therefrom of concentric circumferences of radius ever greater and lower score. The teams are six; each team has six components and any reservations. Each component has three shots to get to do so that the score of your team is the highest to win the Palio designed by local artists.
In 2003, in the natural reserve of the firefly Beautiful, have resurfaced the fossil remains of a Etruridelphis giulii (marine mammal similar to a dolphin) lived in the area over 4.5 million years ago, in a period in which the current gullies were the backdrop of the Tyrrhenian Sea. The fossil was considered by scholars of great scientific value, because it is the relic to complete more of the species existing in the world.