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Castiglion Fiorentino

Castiglion Fiorentino

Views of Castiglion Fiorentino

Castiglion Fiorentino

Castiglion Fiorentino
Toscana Promozione Turistica

Castiglion Fiorentino

The village of Castiglion Fiorentino, in Tuscany, stands on a hill in Valdichiana. A time unhealthy region (as recalls Dante in verses 46-47 of the XXIX Inferno canto: «Qual dolor fora, se de li spedali / di Valdichiana tra 'l luglio e 'l settembre»), occupied by a swamp flushed several times, the area has today land particularly fertile, which has favored the development of agriculture. The mountains all have modest altitude, but in the past have shown, for their strategic position, excellent websites of defense and sighting, much to accommodate in the middle ages many castles and fortifications. Inhabited since the prehistory, the territory castiglionese underwent a first flowering period with the Villanova.

The inhabited center castiglionese developed in Etruscan, already starting from the VI century B.C. crucial crossroads between the two Lucumonie of Arezzo and Cortona city center erigeva on top of the hill, as witnessed the archaeological excavations carried out in the area of the tower the formwork. The Etruscans brought a first reclamation to Val di Chiana, crossing at the time by the river Clanis: this flowed in the opposite sense of the current Channel Master and constituted an important waterway navigable. In the area castiglionese remain testimony to this period many archaeological finds, including the famous deposit of Brolio, found in the nineteenth century in the homonymous hamlet, and consisting of a large amount of bronzes. Joints The Romans, they decided to exploit the fertility of the area for the food requirements of the Urbe. But with the empire of Augustus the panorama changed radically: among the causes of the flooding of the Tiber which occasionally allagavano Rome was considered the Clanis, which was a tributary of the straw, which in turn is a tributary of the river romano. The Romans ostruirono therefore the foce of the Clanis, causing the stagnation of water and the consequent impaludamento of Valdichiana. It is likely that Castulone is expanded in this period, rising on a hill and then being immune from malaria, from which many of the peoples of the inhabited areas of the valley were fled. The inhabited center is recalled by the documents with the name of "Castiglione" not before the X century, when it is a feud of the marquis of Monte Santa Maria. From 1384 the town passed definitively in Florence and from this moment onwards, renamed "Castiglion Fiorentino", will remain under its domain.

Certainly deserve a visit The Tower of Cassero, Le Logge del Vasari, the Castle of Montecchio Vesponi, the Pieve di San Giuliano and its Collegiate Church and the Sanctuary of the Madonna of the bath.

Municipality of Castiglion Fiorentino
Province of Arezzo
Tuscany Region

Inhabitants: 13.210
Center Altitude: 345 m s.l.m.

The Municipality is part of:
Castiglioni of Italy 
Città della chianina
Città dell'olio
Strada del Vino Terre di Arezzo

Municipality of Castiglion Fiorentino
Piazza del Municipio 12 - Castiglion Fiorentino (AR)
Tel. 0575-65641

Pro Loco Castiglion Fiorentino
Piazza Risorgimento 19 - Castiglion Fiorentino (AR)
Tel. 0575-658278

Strolling in the countryside of Arezzo and looking upwards, behold the thirteenth century walls of the medieval village of Castiglion Fiorentino. The bubbling of the watercourses accompanies the walk like crystal clear music in the background while, immersed in the wonderful landscape of the fertile Valdichiana and following the road that reaches to the historical center of the town. Around, olive trees and vineyards as far as the eye can see, and where cattle graze of the famous chianina herds. Looking to the east, you’ll lose yourself in the fog of the Preappennini  mountains. Overcoming the towers that delimit the historic center, you arrive in the Town Hall square, the heart of the village from which, under the arches of the Loggia Vasari (1513), we can admire the beautiful Val di Chio. Continuing the walk up to the archaeological area of the Cassero, to stopping to rest in the public garden that surrounds the tower. Stretches of walls from the IV century B.C. confirm that this was etruscan area. By climbing to the top of the tower of Cassero, you can enjoy a splendid sight over the village, the Val di Chiana and the Val di Chio. And after you have enriched you spirit by visiting the six churches within the walls and the collections in the Pinacoteca Civica at the church of Sant'Angelo, we sooth and comfort at lunch, ordering in some local restaurant a nice cut of chianina meat, accompanied by a glass of excellent Tuscan wine. In the air there is still the echo of the voice of Roberto Benigni, that in the initial stage of his famous life is beautiful reaches the walls of the country by car, while is mistaken by the castiglionesi for King Vittorio Emanuele III.

Discover the other villages on the guide Tuscany - Unique Villages to Love

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A selection of concerts and shows in our villages during the coming weeks of December

Borghi Pic is the Community of visitors of Borghi Magazine dedicated to the sharing of images taken in our beautiful villages.

Next or present Events

  • San Michele
    Patronal parties

    Add to calendar 2018-05-08 2018-05-08 Europe/Rome San Michele Castiglion Fiorentino

Past Events

  • Walking FOR A FRIEND

    An excursion whose proceeds will be entirely donated to the medical clinic "Nemo" of the Niguarda Hospital in Milan, which deals with research and care for ALS – lateral amyotrophic syndrome.


    The most important Gospel music review in Italy returns to the Spina Theatre with a new original lineup. One of the nineteen stages of a Festival that has reached the 22nd edition and which enjoys prestigious recognitions like that of the Consulate General USA, bringing in the theatres and churches of Tuscany The best gospel formations of the United States, Ranging from the most traditional forms of the Southern states, to the most contemporary contaminations, typical of the formations coming from the metropolises like New York.

Other Events

  • Weekly market: Every Friday, in Foro Boario;
Where to eat

Il Convivio dei Corsi

Piazza san Michele, 3, Ortignano Raggiolo (AR)
41.03 Kilometers from Castiglion Fiorentino

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