The village of Lucignano is not far from Arezzo, Tuscany. The municipal area, in the heart of the Valdichiana, is subdivided into two distinct areas: the central area is largely hilly, in favor of the production of oil and wine, and wooded; peripheral areas, instead, are flat, with abundant cereal cultivation (especially wheat, barley, maize, sunflower) and flowers from exposure.
Lucignano knew a dense population, as the whole Valdichiana, already in Villanova and Etruscan period. The area fell under Rome during the I century B.C., thanks to the conquest by Silla. A Roman quota, on the orders of the Consul Lucius Licinius Lucullus, dwelt on the hill where today rises the village and here he founded a castrum that, in honor of the console, was renamed Lucinianum. The favorable geographic position made the town a crossroads between the cities of Arezzo, Siena and Perugia.
The architectural appearance of Lucignano is quite strange, species for the considerable difference between the buildings of the two parts of the historic center. Entering in fact from Porta San Giusto extend two streets: via Roma which is directed to the left and via Matteotti which instead turn toward the right. The first is traditionally known as "Poor Alley", as formerly resided therein families more humble, and is distinguished by the presence of buildings in medieval times by the small size. The second one is called "Rich Alley" and here lived a time the noble families of the village, as witnessed by the elegant buildings in renaissance style.