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Casole d Elsa

Casole d Elsa

Views of Casole d Elsa

Casole d'Elsa
Toscana Promozione Turistica

Casole d'Elsa
Toscana Promozione Turistica

The territory of the present hamlet of Casole d'Elsa, Tuscany, has been an important place since the primordial times not only for the exploitation of natural resources, but also for the location along important communication routes between the various areas of the Tuscany center -west and inward penetration. It rises on the first propaganda of the Metallifere Hills, lapped by the rivers Cecina and Elsa and framed by the massif of Montagnola Senese.

The first secure traces of human resources date back to the Neolithic age. If the age of the Bronze Age, characterized by the beginning of exploitation of the mineral resources (copper) in the area of ​​the Metallifers Hills, is poorly attested, the Iron Age (IX-VIII century BC) assumes more defined characters. With orientalisation (VII century BC) and above all with the archaic age (VI century BC), we witness the emergence of small local potentates living on farms spread across the territory and gaining wealth from the ferocity of the soil and the control of the communication paths. With the Hellenistic age (the second half of the IVth-beginning of the 1st century BC), the hegemonic role of Volterra is increasingly evident. Casole is attested by the first decades of the XI century as an important castle. Early references to the establishment of two consuls of Casole date back to 1208, while, a few years later, castellanza pacts again linked the Colle and Casole communities, the latter represented by the figures of two rectores societatum. Despite the articulated imperial privilege of Frederick II of Swabia (1224), which recognized and legitimized the interference of the volcano bishops with regard to the nomination of the rector or consuls of Casole, as well as of other Valdelene towns, in the middle of the century now completely structured, with a podestà, a council, a college of "elders" and, presumably, already with its own statutory elaboration.

Over the course of the 13th century, Siena's interference increased steadily, under whose domain Casole passed after the victory of Montaperti (1260). The village was home to the ancient church of Santa Maria Assunta, whose first certificates date back to the XI century. The primitive church, enlarged and reconstituted in solemn forms in 1161, would have known a substantial alteration of the structure and a further rise and expansion between the end of the 13th century and the early 14th century. The church and its cloister were the seat chosen for the conclusion of acts of salient importance for Valdelian history. During the last twenty-two years of the 13th century some important figures were distinguished in Casole, socially and patrimonially attributable to rulers holding majestic domination forms, leading members of the ecclesiastical aristocracy, interpreters of excellence in an elite juridical culture derived from studies of canonical and civil law, frequentors of various degrees of the papal court, but always with roles of absolute importance.

In 1313, on the occasion of the descent into Italy of the army of Arrigo VII of Luxembourg and the concomitant rebirth of the powers of power and autonomy that peculiarly characterized the aristocratic components of philosophical and neo-ghibelline faith in the Tuscan municipalities, Casole rebelled Sienese government and received an important imperial garrison on the initiative of the dominion Ranieri, son of Porrina, supported by the Ghibelline faction of the castle, to which the Andrei also belonged. The following year however, following the substantial failure of Henry VII's intervention in Italy, he found the subordination of Casole to Siena fully reconfirmed, as evidenced by a large and articulated stipulation between the two communes (April 1314). Ranieri del Porrina, banned with his son, was exiled to Pisa, the stronghold of Ghibellinism in Tuscany. From the 16th century the events of Casole follow those of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and therefore of the new Italian State.

The writer Carlo Cassola set up his novel The Girl of Bube in the hamlet of Monteguidi.

The Municipality of Casole d'Elsa
 
Province of Siena
Tuscany Region

inhabitants: 3.897
Altitude center: 417 m a.s.l.

The Municipality is part of:
 
Città del vino
Paesi bandiera arancione

Municipality of Casole d'Elsa
Piazza Luchetti 1 - Casole d'Elsa (SI)
Tel. +39 0577 949711

Pro Loco Casole d'Elsa
Via A. Casolani 34 - Casole d'Elsa (SI)
Tel. +39 0577 948705

Bypassing rumps and hills of the Elsa valley, just defiladed from via maestra from Colle in Volterra, we can meet the ancient Castle of Casole d'Elsa, in its own way the prototype of all Tuscan villages, no aspect excluded. Visible immediately at the reaching of town, here's part of the boundary of Murata on which intervened in the XV century with two strong towers, the famous military architect Francesco di Giorgio. In the beautiful square it stands Palazzo of the Propositura, seat of the civic museum of archeology and the Collegiata. Walking through the historic center, harmonious and lively, we stop in different shops of typical local products. We let ourselves, finally, fascinate by numerous contemporary art installations. In the main street are the Palazzo Pretorio, with its beautiful parade of coats of arms on the facade and the Rocca, today the seat of the Town Hall and the Museum of the city. Within the latter, we reach the small tower to enjoy its privileged panoramic point and admire from there the hills and valleys of the surroundings of incomparable charm, and the whole village, with its farmhouses and its churches, among the most beautiful of the Sienese countryside. We go up to the fraction of Gracciano, traveling in time and in the places in which the writer Carlo Cassola has set his novel The Girl of Bube. The second Sunday of July, the citizens of Casole involve us with passion and commitment in the celebrations of the Palio, lower than that of Siena only by fame.

Discover the other villages on the guide Tuscany - Unique Villages to Love

Next or present Events

  • San Donato
    07-08-2018
    Patronal parties

    Add to calendar 2018-08-07 2018-08-07 Europe/Rome San Donato Casole d Elsa

COMMENTS :
 
Where to sleep

Agriturismo Il Poggio

Via del Poggio, 292, Poggio del Rigo, 53040, San Casciano dei Bagni (SI)
82.66 Kilometers from Casole d Elsa

Tenuta Montefreddo

Loc. Montefreddo, San Casciano dei Bagni (SI)
85.43 Kilometers from Casole d Elsa

Hotel Sette Querce

Viale Manciati, 2, San Casciano dei Bagni (SI)
85.63 Kilometers from Casole d Elsa

Where to eat

Ristorante Daniela

Piazza Giacomo Matteotti, 7, San Casciano dei Bagni (SI)
85.48 Kilometers from Casole d Elsa

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