the Aldobrandesca Fortress, also known as Rocca Pisana, is a fortified structure located in Giglio Castello, fraction and the medieval village of Giglio Island, in Tuscany, situated in the highest part and interior of the island. Compared to other fortifications present on the island, cannot be counted among those coastal, even for the very poor visibility present toward the sea in case of mist. Nevertheless, in conditions of good weather, you can enjoy a magnificent view over the Archipelago and the Maremma coast. On clear days, it can be seen clearly also the island of Elba and Corsica.
The fortification was erected in the early medieval era, probably already in the X century, as a possession of the Abbey of the Three Fountains of Rome. In the course of the 12th century it became the possession of the Aldobrandeschi family that began the work for the extension of the existing structure, which was fully incorporated in the flourishing village of Giglio Castello and took the characteristic aspect fortified typical of all the other cones under their control. However, the island was then conquered by the Pisans, did run further renovation and enlargement both at the same bobbin which the walls. In the first years of the Fifteenth Century, The Island of Giglio was conquered by the Medici and became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, following the fortunes of the same from that moment onwards. The fortress was restored again between the sixteenth and seventeenth century, after temporary periods of degradation that followed some pirate raids that caused damage and disruption on the island. Other refurbishment works were carried out in the course of the eighteenth century, when were enlarged buildings that accommodated the lodgings of sentinels, beyond the manor palace; in 1762 it was built at the Rocca complex the chapel of Santa Barbara, that replaced the existing chapel, dedicated by the Aldobrandeschi to the Most Holy Trinity. After the Unification of Italy the fortified complex was temporarily transformed into prison structure, subsequently disposed of with the definitive closure occurred in the first half of the last century. Hereinafter, the fortress was sold to a private and transformed into a residential complex.
It is constituted by a veritable fortalice external trapezoidal base, arranged on several levels and resting on one side to a semicircular tower sighting that rises along the peripheral circuit of walls of Giglio Castello. The masonry structures of the fort, in stone, rest on imposing bases with the shoe, which give the entire structure a further aspect fortified, even more amplified by bastionature corners facing toward the outside of the village. Inside the fort there are two bodies of the main factory, one of which housed the residence of governors and the podestà, at which there was the now lost chapel. Access to the rocca, surmounted by an impressive coat of arms of the Medici who remember their domain, occurs through the characteristic port of the Rocca, which opens along the walls. Additional safety devices were secured in the past by the drawbridge that allows the connection from the inside of the area of the small fortress to residential buildings, whose doorway of the main entrance on the mezzanine floor is reachable through a ramp of stairs outside.